Thataiya’s beliefs are strongly rooted in the teachings of the Vedas and the Upanishads, which hold that the same Being that created the universe dwells in every created object.
He believed that although man and the Supreme Being are separate entities, man has the power to reach a state of godliness through dedicated sadhana (or commitment to learning) and unflinching devotion.
Thataiya believed that the gift of human life is a precious blessing from the Almighty. Yet, unaware of the true value of this gift, we spend our life chasing monetary gains, material benefits and fleeting pleasures. This submission to the material world, Thataiya noted, is often the result of ignorance.
Cautioning his followers from falling prey to such traps,
the learned sage recommended the relentless pursuit of knowledge. Thataiya declared that knowledge and the sharp clarity it brings help set one on the path to moksha. This knowledge, which is essentially a keen understanding of Brahmajnana or the Supreme Reality, dispels the darkness of ignorance and ensures mastery of the mind and the heart over the senses. It also helps reinforce the transitory nature of pleasure in the material world.
However, one cannot gain this knowledge on his own; he must be lead on this path by an accomplished guru.
The support and guidance of a guru alone can help an individual reach salvation.
A guru facilitates soul-searching and self-discovery. He also inspires devotion and the spirit of service in individuals, and complete deference to him is crucial.
Therefore, according to Thataiya, the path to moksha requires unquestioning faith in the Almighty, loyalty to
one’s guru, commitment to the cause of acquiring knowledge, reading of sacred texts as well as prayer and medication. By following these recommended steps by Thataiya, one can find true salvation and escape from the endless cycle of death and rebirth.